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Forest Fire as a Military Weapon June 1970
FOREST FIRE AS A MILITARY WEAPON
FIRE WARFARE DECLARED
The ideal incendiary device for forest burning operations would be a cluster of a great many light-weight, unarmoured, low-volatile devices. over forests. (Page 71)
The ideal incendiary device for forest burning operations would be a cluster of a great many light-weight, unarmoured, low-volatile devices. over forests.
In situations where natural surface fuel is insufficient to carry fire, measures must be taken to increase the amount of flam- mable material on the ground. Chemical defoliation of overstory trees and shrubs is the only logistically feasible method of augmenting the surface fuel supply. Defoliation missions should be flown at least 4 months in advance of the incendiary missions.
Targets can be seleaied months in advance
Weather is crucial for success in forest burning. Incendiary operations must be preceded by at least a week of dryweather, and cloud cover should be 3/8 or less with relative humidity below 50 percent in the target area at the time of ignition. Under most circumstances, these requirements mean that forest incendiary operations must be conducted in the early afternoon.
A good meteorologist isan absolute necessity as a member of any team planning fire raids.
Maximum fire intensity is achieved by spacing ignitions so that adjacent fires begin to interact with each other at the exact time that each fire has reached its maximum normal intensity.
Proper use of this area ignition technique can greatly increase the effectiveness of forest fire as a military weapon. (Page 73)
A successful burning technique must rely heavily on evaporation of water (think DROUGHT) from the fuels to bring their moisture content down to a satisfactory level at the time of burning. Fuel moisture content is critical in determining forest fire behavior. During burning, heat (Think Increased Wireless DEPLOYMENTS along with all our wireless gadgets, cell phones, 5G, Cell towers, etc.) is required to drive out the remaining water as steam, which displaces oxygen and nitrogen in the air around the fuel, and reduces the oxygen supply- – available -for combustion. The water vapor also lowers flame temperature which contributes further to lower combustion efficiency.
For incendiary purposes”desiccation” means losing moisture from the plant tissues. In much of the literature on defoliation, the term “desiccation” refers only to the leaves affected by the defoliation treatment.
No wonder our surface water is being evaporated – higher fire combustion.
Don’t Forget Smoke is Expanded Warfare
No wonder our CONtrollers are telling us we are running OUT of WATER.
Always Remember – Water is a renewable – We are NOT Running out
Water comes UP from Underground
Go to PrimaryWater.org
GRASS FIRE WARFARE
ORNMENTAL GRASSES – Landscaping
No wonder cities are promoting grasses for landscaping
Grasses and other Plants with very thin leaves provide an extremely fast burning fuel that ignites easily when dry.
Grasses, being shallow rooted, respond rapidly to climatic change. Annual grasses mature rapidly and dry soon after the onset of moisture stress in the upper soil layers. Perennial grasses stay green longer, but are usually dead and dry by the end of summer.
AERIAL APPLICATION OF HERBICIDE
(OPERATION RANCH HAND – OVER WAR ZONE C)
Aerial Applications: Spreading of herbicides from aircraft to kill and dry woody vegetation can overcome certain limitations of other desiccation techniques.
In addition to treating live vegetation with desiccant chemicals, and timing incendiary operations to take every possible advantage of the weather, forest fires can be made to spread more rapidly and bum more intensely by igniting many small fires in a predetermined pattern. This technique, known as multiple ignition, utilizes the fact that two approaching flame fronts will interact and reinforce each other. To see how multiple ignition works, let’s look first at a fire as it develops from a single ignition, and then at what happens when we set two fires properly spaced.
Example of a Desiccation Plan: Saigon, Republic of Vietnam
FIRE ignition of forest litter is most readily accomplished by small, cluster-type incendiary weapons designed for direct flame contact with the fuel.
SOME DOCUMENT EXCERPTS – BELOW
PLEASE Read the Document YOURSELF
do not RELY on our excerpts only . . .
The battle was fought
in the forest of E’phraim;
and the forest fires devoured more people that day
then the sword.
Forests and jungles were a haven and refuge for bandits, insurgents, and rebel bands long before Absalom took up arms against King David in the forest of E’phrain. Leaders as diverse as Robin Hood., Marshall Tito, Chief Croatan of the Seminoles. and Fidel Castro. learned to conduct successful military operations from forest havens. The Vietnamese insurgency has placed heavy reliance on forest bases since the first stirrings of rebellion during the Japanese occupation. The Viet Cong is not really Chairman Mao’s -fish who swims in the sea of peasants’. he more closely resembles a jungle cat who lives hidden in the forest but preys on the surrounding villages. Large forest havens along the border, such as Dong Thapmutdi. U Minh and War Zone C. serve as training and supply bases for the VC and North Vietnamese Main Force, as well as secure infiltration and escape routes (Fig. I). Forests in the interior such as War Zone D, Do Xa. and Chu Pong contain major supply depots and operational base complexes. Innumerable small forest, like Boi Loi Forest, the Iton Traingle, and Ho Bo Woods, all lying between Tay Ninh City and Saigon, are used as temporary staging areas.
Fire in Tropical Forests and Grasslands.