ONLY PSYCHOPATHS Make it to the Top of the United States Gov’t & Hollywood and They Don’t Represent YOU!
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Main article: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
DSM-I and DSM-II
In American psychiatry, prior to the publication of the DSM-I, paraphilias were classified as cases of “psychopathic personality with pathologic sexuality”. The DSM-I (1952) included sexual deviation as a personality disorder of sociopathic subtype. The only diagnostic guidance was that sexual deviation should have been “reserved for deviant sexuality which [was] not symptomatic of more extensive syndromes, such as schizophrenic or obsessional reactions”. The specifics of the disorder were to be provided by the clinician as a “supplementary term” to the sexual deviation diagnosis; there were no restrictions in the DSM-I on what this supplementary term could be. Researcher Anil Aggrawal writes that the now-obsolete DSM-I listed examples of supplementary terms for pathological behavior to include “homosexuality, transvestism, pedophilia, fetishism, and sexual sadism, including rape, sexual assault, mutilation.”
The DSM-II (1968) continued to use the term sexual deviations, but no longer ascribed them under personality disorders, but rather alongside them in a broad category titled “personality disorders and certain other nonpsychotic mental disorders”. The types of sexual deviations listed in the DSM-II were: sexual orientation disturbance (homosexuality), fetishism, pedophilia, transvestitism (sic), exhibitionism, voyeurism, sadism, masochism, and “other sexual deviation”. No definition or examples were provided for “other sexual deviation”, but the general category of sexual deviation was meant to describe the sexual preference of individuals that was “directed primarily toward objects other than people of opposite sex, toward sexual acts not usually associated with coitus, or toward coitus performed under bizarre circumstances, as in necrophilia, pedophilia, sexual sadism, and fetishism.” Except for the removal of homosexuality from the DSM-III onwards, this definition provided a general standard that has guided specific definitions of paraphilias in subsequent DSM editions, up to DSM-IV-TR.