Anyone Telling a Scintilla of Truth is Labeled Unreliable Media By Jewish Golding-Strongly Advise You to Read Media Listed Below-Pictured is Actual Fake Media


Most Emailed

Barrett Golding

Smaller Font
Larger Font
RSS 2.0

5-2-19

An index of unreliable news websites

(Graphic by Isaac Avila Rodriguez)

By Barrett Golding

Misinformation is a thriving industry on the internet, supported by social media shares, advertising dollars and political donations.

In the United States, scores of research reports try to measure how falsehoods spread online. These studies often require listsof untrustworthy “news” sources, but many of these lists have grown out-of-date and incomplete.

Better data means better results for researchers, reporters and readers. So the International Fact-Checking Network built a more complete dataset: an index of unreliable news sites.

To create the index, we combined five major lists (see below), then eliminated the sites that were no longer active. We only used lists that were public and curated by established journalists or academics, contained original data (rather than information from other lists), stated their criteria for inclusion and defined how they graded different sites (see our methodologyfor more).

The index’s initial release relies on the five major lists’ determinations and definitions of “unreliable.” Our next release will include more sites and the criteria we used for inclusion.

But for now, here are the databases of unreliable news sites that we pulled from to create our index:

Index | Methodology | Corrections

Index

(Version 1.0, 2018-11-15)

 domaintagslinksrank
1100percentfedup.combias, unreliableFNOS101,963
212minutos.comfakeFN330,294
321stcenturywire.comfake, conspiracyFNOS131,699
424aktuelles.comfakeFN 
54threvolutionarywar.wordpress.comconspiracy, biasOS2,096,736
6abovetopsecret.comconspiracyOS25,965
7abriluno.comfake, satireFNOS8,559,471
8aceflashman.wordpress.comsatireOS4,140,276
9acting-man.comconspiracy, unreliableOS777,699
10actionnews3.comfakeSN1,639,157
11activistpost.comconspiracy, unreliableFNOS65,871
12actualidadpanamericana.comsatireOSPF543,780
13addictinginfo.orgclickbait, unreliableOS558,179
14adflegal.orgunreliableOS235,690
15adobochronicles.comsatireFNOS924,833
16aheadoftheherd.combiasOS2,289,787
17ahtribune.combias, unreliableOS331,966
18allnews4us.comfakeFN 
19allnewspipeline.comfake, conspiracy, unreliableFNOS119,886
20alt-market.comconspiracy, biasOS243,083
21alternativemediasyndicate.netfakeFN 
22americablog.combias, clickbaitOS504,587
23americanborderpatrol.comunreliableOS5,268,511
24americanfreepress.netconspiracy, biasOS460,516
25americanjournalreview.comunreliableFC322,527
26americanlookout.combias, clickbaitOS399,717
27americanpatriotdaily.combias, clickbaitOS158,425
28americanthinker.combiasOS15,496
29americantoday.newsbias, unreliableOS 
30americasfreedomfighters.comfake, bias, clickbaitFCFNOS768,287
31americaslastlineofdefense.orgunreliableFC 
32ammoland.combiasOS17,779
33amren.comunreliableOS65,466
34amtvmedia.comunreliableOS1,000,462
35ancient-code.comunreliableOS62,611
36anews24.orgfakeOSPF863,654
37angrypatriotmovement.comfake, conspiracyOSPF1,826,272
38anonews.counreliableOS113,649
39anonhq.comunreliableOS173,716
40antiwar.combias, unreliableOS49,994
41asia-pacificresearch.comunreliable, satireOS1,270,568
42assassinationscience.comconspiracyOS4,276,349
43associatedmediacoverage.comsatireOSPFSN17,739,172
44attitude.co.ukunreliablePF100,858
45awarenessact.comconspiracy, unreliableOSPF55,285
46awazetribune.comsatireOS 
47awdnews.comconspiracyOS151,813
48awm.combias, clickbait, unreliableOS175,711
49barenakedislam.comunreliableOS122,795
50barnesreview.orgunreliableOS1,319,085
51bb4sp.comfake, conspiracy, biasOSPF487,623
52beforeitsnews.comfake, conspiracyFNOSPF16,416
53benjaminfulford.typepad.comfakePF1,303,795
54bigamericannews.comfake, satireFNOS 
55bighairynews.comfake, conspiracyOS6,427,163
56bipartisanreport.combias, clickbait, unreliableFNOS135,565
57blackagendareport.comunreliableOS170,579
58blackgenocide.orgconspiracy, biasOS3,251,119
59blacklistednews.comclickbait, unreliableOS59,268
60blingnews.comunreliableFC3,966,576
61bluenationreview.comclickbait, unreliableOS2,361,938
62breaking911.comclickbait, unreliableOS107,352
63breakingnews247.netfakeFNPF577,109
64breakingnews365.netfakeFNPF971,245
65breakpoint.orgunreliableOS348,751
66breitbart.combias, unreliableOS311
67brokenworldnews.comsatireFN 
68burrardstreetjournal.comsatireFNOSSN180,706
69callthecops.netsatireFNOS19,485,088
70canadafreepress.comconspiracy, biasOS136,099
71cannasos.comfake, unreliableOSPF177,513
72cap-news.comfake, satireFNOS7,164,955
73cbinfo24.comunreliableFC2,069,676
74centerforsecuritypolicy.orgconspiracy, biasOS553,149
75channel18news.comfakeOSPF17,745,559
76channel22news.comfakeFN 
77channel23news.comfake, unreliableFCFN3,744,426
78channel24news.comfakeFNPF522,442
79channel28news.comfakeFN 
80channel33news.comfakeFN 
81channel34news.comfakeFN 
82channel45news.comfakeFN 
83charismanews.combiasOS72,325
84checkoutthehealthyworld.comclickbait, unreliableOS 
85christwire.orgfake, satireFNOS3,345,322
86chronicle.susatireFNOS1,534,259
87citizensunited.orgbiasOS1,920,544
88cityworldnews.comfakeFNOS16,006,975
89civictribune.comfakeFNOSPF6,510,306
90clashdaily.comfake, conspiracy, biasFNOSPF160,053
91clickhole.comsatireFNOS13,804
92cnnnext.comunreliableOS1,426,759
93cnoticias.netfakeFN 
94cnsnews.combias, unreliableOS33,402
95coasttocoastam.comfake, unreliableFNOS22,966
96coed.comfake, unreliableOS40,291
97collective-evolution.comfake, unreliableFNOS24,058
98commondreams.orgclickbaitOS20,806
99concisepolitics.comconspiracyOS1,302,811
100consciouslifenews.comunreliableOS220,946
101conservapedia.combiasOS117,145
102conservativeangle.comunreliableFC1,014,393
103conservativebyte.comfake, biasOS7,750,208
104conservativedailypost.comfake, unreliableFNOSPF52,389
105conservativefighters.comfakeFNOS372,795
106conservativefiringline.comconspiracy, bias, clickbaitOS264,618
107conservativehq.combiasOS676,219
108conservativepapers.combiasOS3,996,576
109conservativepost.comunreliableFC775,568
110conservativerefocus.comconspiracyOS650,019
111conservativespirit.comfake, biasOSPF15,343,145
112corbettreport.comconspiracyOS93,466
113countdowntozerotime.comconspiracyOS3,536,208
114countercurrents.orgunreliableOS255,016
115counterjihad.combiasOS2,692,651
116counterpsyops.comfake, conspiracyFNOS8,299,903
117cowgernation.comconspiracy, biasOS2,355,420
118creativitymovement.netunreliableOS3,171,419
119cryptogon.comconspiracy, unreliableOS555,936
120dailybuzzlive.comfakeFNOSPF1,425,259
121dailycaller.combias, clickbaitOS834
122dailydiscord.comsatireFNOS2,567,621
123dailyheadlines.comfakeOS3,062,968
124dailyheadlines.netfakeOS428,808
125dailykos.comclickbaitOS4,259
126dailynews11.comfakeFN 
127dailynewsposts.infofakeOSPF5,703,981
128dailyoccupation.comconspiracy, biasOS722,179
129dailysignal.combiasOS43,648
130dailysnark.comsatireOSPF7,464
131dailysquib.co.uksatireFNOS891,009
132dailysurge.comfakeOSPF16,209,212
133dailytelegraph.com.aubiasOS 
134dailywire.combiasOS2,991
135darkmoon.mebias, unreliableOS234,063
136dataasylum.comconspiracyOS2,507,356
137davejanda.comunreliableOS1,037,842
138davidduke.comunreliableOS319,914
139davidwolfe.comconspiracyOS78,507
140dcclothesline.comconspiracyOS144,327
141dcgazette.comfakeOS3,708,726
142deadlyclear.wordpress.comfake, biasOS8,298,120
143debunkingskeptics.comconspiracy, biasOS2,544,248
144defenddemocracy.pressbiasOS845,178
145democraticmoms.comfakePF612,572
146democraticunderground.comfakePF19,913
147derfmagazine.comsatireFNOS6,216,085
148disclose.tvfake, conspiracy, satireFNOSPF27,647
149diversitychronicle.wordpress.comsatireOS10,463,322
150dollarvigilante.combiasOS369,851
151donaldtrumpnews.cofakeOS5,749,124
152dont-tread-on.meconspiracyOS5,268,604
153downtrend.comfake, satireOS102,039
154drrichswier.combias, unreliableOS926,854
155drudgereport.combiasOS690
156duffelblog.comsatireFNPF89,956
157duhprogressive.comsatireFNOS11,492,139
158dutchsinse.comconspiracyOS736,165
159eaglerising.combias, clickbaitOS250,734
160economicnoise.comunreliableOS2,999,135
161educate-yourself.orgconspiracyOS189,941
162educateinspirechange.orgclickbait, unreliableOS294,654
163electionnightgatekeepers.comconspiracy, unreliableOS12,651,529
164elelephantintheroom.blogspot.combiasOS 
165elitereaders.comclickbaitOS73,194
166elkoshary.comsatireOS6,773,841
167elmundotoday.comsatireOS49,945
168empireherald.comfake, satireOSPFSN15,343,499
169empirenews.netfake, unreliable, satireFCFNOSPFSN498,926
170en-volve.comfake, unreliableFCPF326,775
171endoftheamericandream.comfake, conspiracyOS382,079
172endtime.combias, clickbaitOS176,072
173eutimes.netconspiracy, unreliableOS746,635
174ewao.comunreliableOS224,573
175experimentalvaccines.orgconspiracy, unreliableOS4,109,992
176expose1933.comconspiracyOS 
177express.co.ukunreliableOS596
178eyeopening.infoconspiracyOS1,089,244
179factrider.comunreliablePF5,891,631
180fakingnews.comfake, satireOS219,767
181famousviralstories.comfakeFN 
182farmwars.infofake, conspiracyOS3,094,843
183fbnewscycle.comunreliableFC140,098
184federalistpress.combiasOS11,001,706
185fellowshipoftheminds.comconspiracy, unreliableFCOS109,424
186financialsurvivalnetwork.combias, unreliableOS561,503
187firearmscoalition.orgbiasOS6,457,782
188fognews.rusatireOS3,559,968
189foodbabe.comunreliableOS150,530
190freebeacon.combiasOS21,472
191freedomoutpost.comconspiracy, biasOS107,576
192freedomsfinalstand.comfakePF2,514,899
193freedomsphoenix.comconspiracy, biasOS407,464
194freedumjunkshun.comsatireFNSN13,249,602
195freeinfomedia.comfakePF17,756,656
196freerepublic.comunreliablePF21,575
197fridaymash.comsatireOS 
198fromthetrenchesworldreport.comconspiracy, biasOS361,089
199frontpagemag.combiasOS53,181
200gaia.comconspiracyOS18,355
201galacticconnection.comunreliableOS123,312
202gangstergovernment.comconspiracy, biasOS13,781,464
203gatesofvienna.netconspiracy, unreliableOS240,046
204gellerreport.comunreliableFC70,040
205geoengineeringwatch.orgconspiracy, unreliableOS218,564
206givemeliberty01.comfakePF4,993,464
207globalresearch.caconspiracyOS26,012
208godlikeproductions.comconspiracyOS12,222
209govtslaves.infofake, conspiracyFNOS237,443
210greanvillepost.comconspiracyOS499,040
211greenmedinfo.comunreliableOS55,143
212guccifer2.wordpress.comunreliableOS3,157,328
213gulagbound.combiasOS2,485,234
214halfwaypost.comsatirePF583,045
215hangthebankers.comconspiracyOS596,098
216healthimpactnews.combias, unreliableOS184,109
217healthnutnews.comunreliableOS85,465
218healthy-holistic-living.comclickbait, unreliableOS61,516
219heartland.orgbiasOS314,281
220heightpost.comunreliablePF5,380,203
221henrymakow.comconspiracyOS66,427
222higherperspectives.comunreliablePF54,574
223holyobserver.comsatireOS4,089,623
224horowitzfreedomcenter.orgbiasOS 
225humansarefree.comconspiracyOS96,003
226huzlers.comfake, satireFNOSPFSN119,984
227icr.orgunreliableOS114,323
228ideaspots.comunreliablePF1,280,078
229ihr.orgunreliableOS335,362
230illuminati-news.comconspiracyOS 
231ilovemyfreedom.orgbias, clickbaitOS61,855
232immediatesafety.orgfakeOS3,763,546
233in5d.comunreliableOS111,881
234independentminute.comunreliablePF329,671
235indiatimes.comunreliablePF214
236infiniteunknown.netconspiracyOS549,776
237informationclearinghouse.infoconspiracy, unreliableOS51,166
238informetoday.combias, unreliableOS 
239infostormer.comfake, conspiracyOS364,319
240infowars.comfake, conspiracy, unreliableFCFNOS4,158
241intellihub.comconspiracy, unreliableOS151,112
242intrepidreport.combiasOS1,985,580
243investmentresearchdynamics.comconspiracyOS950,232
244investmentwatchblog.comfake, biasOS48,592
245islamicanews.comsatireOS14,574,226
246itaglive.comfakeFNOS 
247jamesrgrangerjr.combiasOS14,843,376
248jesus-is-savior.comconspiracyOS125,795
249jewsnews.co.ilfake, bias, unreliableOSPF118,574
250jihadwatch.orgconspiracyOS44,249
251jimstone.isfake, conspiracyOS 
252journal-neo.orgbiasOS128,297
253judicialwatch.orgbiasOS52,168
254kagfeed.comunreliableFC856,552
255katehon.combiasOS186,780
256knowledgeoftoday.orgconspiracyOS1,231,221
257ladylibertysnews.comfakePF7,650,635
258lewrockwell.combias, unreliableOS43,237
259liberalbias.comsatireOS7,369,002
260liberaldarkness.comfake, satireFNOS1,023,647
261libertyblitzkrieg.comfakeOS574,282
262libertynews.combias, unreliableOS 
263libertytalk.fmconspiracyOS3,602,893
264libertyunyielding.combiasOS214,823
265libertyvideos.orgconspiracyOS 
266libertywriters.comfakeFN 
267lifenews.combias, clickbaitOS73,063
268lifesitenews.combias, clickbaitOS31,358
269lifezette.comclickbaitOS16,190
270liveactionnews.orgbiasOS10,120,504
271liveleak.comfakeFN 
272livevote.comclickbaitOS7,520,177
273loanpride.comclickbait, unreliableOS17,774
274londonwebnews.comunreliableFCPF9,122,758
275lovethispic.comclickbaitOS49,585
276lushforlife.comsatireOS8,475,097
277macedoniaonline.euunreliablePF2,610,634
278mad-yet.blogspot.comunreliableOS 
279madpatriots.comclickbait, unreliableOS2,166,098
280madworldnews.comfake, clickbait, unreliableOSPF154,163
281meanlefthook.combias, clickbaitOS 
282mediamass.netfakeOS37,098
283mentor2day.comfake, unreliableOSPF10,973,795
284militianews.comconspiracy, biasOS 
285mminfo24.comunreliableFC 
286moonofalabama.orgbiasOS65,065
287mrc.orgbiasOS197,592
288myfreshnews.comfake, biasOS17,050,700
289nation.com.pkunreliablePF27,655
290nationalreport.netfake, satireFNOSPFSN1,253,919
291nationalufocenter.comconspiracyOS1,530,673
292nationalvanguard.orgunreliableOS138,165
293naturalblaze.comconspiracy, unreliableOS202,195
294naturalnews.comfake, conspiracy, unreliableFNOS18,138
295naturalnewsblogs.comunreliableOS289,298
296neonnettle.comfake, conspiracy, biasFCOSPF66,999
297news4ktla.comfake, satireFNOSPF3,885,663
298newsbiscuit.comsatireFNOS572,926
299newsbreakers.orgsatireOS13,364,868
300newscorpse.combiasOS1,092,228
301newsexaminer.netfake, satireOSPFSN2,892,385
302newsfrompolitics.comfakeOS 
303newsjustforyou1.blogspot.comfakePF2,599,057
304newslogue.comfake, biasOS2,047,456
305newsmax.combias, unreliableOS7,923
306newsmutiny.comfake, satireFNOS5,661,995
307newspunch.comfake, unreliableFCFN158,612
308newstarget.comfake, conspiracyFNOS143,501
309newstoad.netsatireOS13,384,368
310newsuptoday.comfakePF3,442,633
311newswatch28.comfakeOS12,573,751
312newswire-24.comunreliableOS 
313newswithviews.comfake, conspiracyOS196,438
314newzmagazine.comfakePF1,216,466
315nomorefakenews.comconspiracyOS643,190
316northcrane.comunreliableOS 
317notallowedto.comfake, clickbait, satireFNOSPF978,627
318noticias-frescas.comfakeFN 
319notizzia.comfakeFN 
320now8news.comfakeFNOSPFSN1,741,848
321nowtheendbegins.comconspiracyOS70,636
322nutritionalanarchy.comunreliableOS4,932,956
323oathkeepers.orgbiasOS285,785
324objectiveministries.orgsatireOS6,314,503
325occupydemocrats.combias, clickbait, unreliableFNOS1,078,213
326occupyliberals.combias, clickbaitOS 
327off-guardian.orgconspiracy, biasOS114,892
328offgridsurvival.comconspiracy, biasOS508,149
329oftwominds.comconspiracy, biasOS397,429
330onepoliticalplaza.comfakeOSPF1,030,961
331orientalreview.orgconspiracy, biasOS370,822
332other98.combias, clickbait, unreliableOS1,203,733
333pakalertpress.comfakeOS5,023,384
334palmerreport.combiasOS19,801
335patriotchronicle.combias, clickbaitOS1,508,469
336patriotcrier.comfakePF3,794,223
337patriotnewsdaily.comsatireOS719,174
338patriotpost.usbiasOS169,570
339patriotrising.comconspiracy, biasOS1,059,890
340patriotupdate.comconspiracy, biasOS5,376,753
341paulcraigroberts.orgconspiracy, biasOS62,401
342pjmedia.combiasOS9,988
343platosguns.comconspiracy, biasOS 
344politicalcult.comconspiracy, bias, clickbaitOS5,203,476
345politicalgarbagechute.comsatireFN 
346politicalmayhem.newsfakePF10,103,261
347politicalsitenews.comfakeOS 
348politicot.comfake, unreliable, satireFCOSPF3,251,549
349politicususa.comclickbait, unreliableOS16,736
350pollhype.combias, clickbait, unreliableOS134,169
351postcard.newsunreliablePF101,999
352postillon.comunreliableFC8,934,043
353pravda.ruconspiracy, biasOS7,085
354pravdareport.comconspiracy, biasOS95,427
355prepperwebsite.comfake, conspiracyOS181,905
356presstv.combias, unreliableOS9,605
357prisonplanet.comconspiracyOS62,113
358private-eye.co.ukunreliableFN225,135
359progressivestoday.combiasOS 
360projectveritas.combias, unreliableOS331,982
361puppetstringnews.comfake, unreliableFCFNPF490,867
362rawstory.comclickbaitOS5,049
363react365.comfakeFNOSPF1,484,411
364reagancoalition.comfake, bias, clickbaitOS13,592,636
365realfarmacy.comconspiracy, unreliableOS85,569
366realnewsrightnow.comfake, unreliable, satireFCFNOSPF1,351,510
367realtimepolitics.combias, unreliableOS745,051
368rearfront.comfakePF67,808
369redstate.comclickbaitOS26,717
370redstatewatcher.combias, clickbaitOS87,773
371reductress.comsatireFNOS37,578
372remedydaily.comclickbaitOS120,755
373rense.comconspiracyOS40,996
374reporter.bzfakeSN2,281,876
375responsibletechnology.orgunreliableOS386,678
376returnofkings.comunreliableOS27,269
377rickwells.usfake, conspiracyOS348,483
378rightalert.combias, unreliableOS 
379rightwingnews.combias, unreliableOS385,679
380rightwingtribune.comfake, unreliableFCFN320,218
381rogue-nation3.comfakeOSPF5,808,163
382rt.comunreliableOS294
383rumormillnews.comconspiracyOS70,792
384russia-insider.combias, clickbaitOS22,909
385rwnofficial.comunreliableFC80,701
386satirewire.comsatireFNOS3,719,368
387sensationalisttimes.comsatireOS18,684,412
388shareblue.combias, unreliableOS74,011
389sheepkillers.comconspiracyOS 
390silverbearcafe.comconspiracyOS 
391silverdoctors.comconspiracy, biasOS59,691
392silverstealers.netconspiracyOS15,408,385
393skeptiko.comconspiracyOS574,910
394smag31.comfake, unreliableOSPF1,960,449
395sonsoflibertyradio.comconspiracy, bias, unreliableOS8,934,922
396sovereignman.comunreliableOS164,490
397speld.nlsatireOS84,633
398sportspickle.comsatireOS1,280,135
399sputniknews.comfake, biasOS630
400stgeorgegazette.comfake, unreliable, satireFCFNPF19,566,617
401stillnessinthestorm.comunreliablePF84,068
402stneotscitizen.comsatireOS 
403stormcloudsgathering.comfakeOS1,295,672
404stuppid.comunreliable, satireFCFNOSSN905,939
405subjectpolitics.comfake, biasOS1,373,482
406success-street.comfake, clickbaitOSPF10,702,209
407tdtalliance.comfakeOSPF5,767,516
408teaparty.orgfake, unreliableOSPF69,876
409the-postillon.comunreliable, satireFCPF812,751
410theamericanmirror.comfakeFN41,184
411thebigriddle.comfake, unreliableOSPF5,451,790
412theblaze.comclickbaitOS6,499
413thecommonsenseshow.comfake, conspiracyOS86,879
414theconservativetreehouse.comunreliableFCPF20,132
415thedailymash.co.uksatireFNOS35,063
416thedailysheeple.comconspiracy, biasOS106,904
417thedailywtf.comsatireOS131,000
418theduran.comunreliableOS52,229
419theeconomiccollapseblog.comconspiracy, biasOS157,247
420theeventchronicle.comconspiracy, clickbaitOS 
421thefederalistpapers.orgconspiracy, biasOS138,049
422thefreepatriot.orgfake, bias, clickbaitOS 
423thefreethoughtproject.comconspiracy, clickbait, unreliableOS37,928
424thegatewaypundit.comconspiracy, bias, unreliableOSPF7,661
425thegoldandoilguy.comunreliableOS735,976
426theinformedamerican.netunreliableOS6,499,315
427thelapine.casatireFN3,217,870
428thelibertybeacon.comconspiracy, biasOS481,121
429thelibertymill.comconspiracy, bias, unreliableOS249,308
430themindunleashed.comconspiracy, clickbaitOS93,861
431themindunleashed.orgconspiracy, clickbaitOS 
432themuslimissue.wordpress.comconspiracy, unreliableOS583,397
433thenationalmarijuananews.comunreliablePF431,920
434thenewamerican.combiasOS98,539
435thenewsdoctors.combiasOS7,181,302
436thepeoplescube.comsatirePF419,672
437thephaser.comconspiracyOS244,017
438thepoliticalinsider.comconspiracy, bias, unreliableOSPF54,712
439thepremiumnews.comfakePF 
440theracketreport.comfake, satireOSPF16,400,069
441therightscoop.comfake, clickbaitOS47,814
442therightstuff.bizunreliableOS36,434
443therooster.comunreliablePF172,709
444therundownlive.comfakeFN7,394,713
445theskunk.orgsatireOS12,927,434
446thesmokersclub.comunreliablePF1,061,377
447thetruthaboutcancer.comunreliableOS48,603
448thetruthdivision.comfake, biasOS3,471,377
449thetruthseeker.co.ukfake, conspiracyOS75,766
450thetruthwins.comconspiracy, clickbait, unreliableOS1,606,597
451theunrealtimes.comsatireOS860,109
452thevalleyreport.comsatireOS1,755,492
453threepercenternation.comfake, conspiracy, biasOS333,734
454thuglifevideos.comfakeFN 
455tomwoods.comunreliableOS193,679
456topinfopost.comconspiracy, clickbait, unreliableOS3,327,158
457trend-news.comfakeFN 
458trueactivist.comclickbait, unreliableOS178,800
459truepundit.combias, clickbaitOS22,078
460trumpbetrayed.ussatireFN213,961
461truthandaction.orgconspiracy, bias, clickbaitOS455,179
462truthfeednews.comunreliableFC112,019
463truthrevolt.orgbiasOS434,537
464twitchy.comclickbaitOS15,413
465ufoholic.comconspiracyOS666,808
466unclesamsmisguidedchildren.combiasOS242,476
467unconfirmedsources.comsatireOS 
468undergroundworldnews.comfake, conspiracy, biasOS3,345,419
469unitedmediapublishing.comfakeOS 
470universaleinfo.comunreliableFC1,947,521
471unz.combiasOS29,291
472urdoca.comunreliablePF5,394,882
473usamagazinestudio.comfakeOS 
474usanewstoday.comfakeOSPF14,589,337
475usasupreme.comfakeOSPF9,648,203
476usawatchdog.combiasOS145,796
477uschronicle.comconspiracy, biasOS451,052
478usdefensewatch.comunreliableOS1,358,011
479ussanews.comunreliableFC101,190
480ustruthwire.comfakePF4,369,552
481vdare.combiasOS109,719
482veteranstoday.combias, unreliableOS36,989
483vigilantcitizen.comfake, conspiracyOS62,302
484viralcords.comunreliable, satireFCFN8,732,044
485viralliberty.comfake, bias, clickbaitOS6,810,871
486viralnewssocial.comfakeFN 
487wakeupthesheep.comconspiracyOS 
488wakingtimes.comfake, unreliableFNOS91,606
489wallstreetonparade.comunreliableOS495,228
490washingtonsblog.comconspiracy, bias, satireOS216,202
491waterfordwhispersnews.comsatireFNOS71,181
492wearechange.orgconspiracy, biasOS487,963
493wearethellod.comsatireFN6,423,638
494weaselzippers.usbias, unreliableOS48,896
495weeklyworldnews.comfake, clickbait, satireFNOS446,169
496weshapelife.orgconspiracyOS5,853,057
497whatdoesitmean.comfake, conspiracyOSPF38,535
498whatreallyhappened.comconspiracyOS45,622
499whowhatwhy.orgconspiracyOS198,137
500whydontyoutrythis.comunreliableOSPF211,779
501wikispooks.comconspiracyOS202,613
502williambanzai7.blogspot.comsatireOS 
503witscience.orgsatireOS14,518,170
504wnd.combias, clickbait, unreliableOS6,067
505wolfstreet.comunreliableOS74,426
506wonkie.comsatireOS2,826,668
507worldnewsdailyreport.comfake, unreliable, satireFCFNOSPFSN55,491
508worldtruth.tvfake, conspiracyOSPF160,990
509x22report.comconspiracyOS172,647
510yesimright.comfake, biasOS1,510,426
511yournewswire.comfake, clickbait, unreliableFCFNOSPF84,363
512zerohedge.comconspiracyOS1,812
513zootfeed.comfake, conspiracyFNOS 

This is only phase one of the IFCN’s unreliable news index.

The next phase of the project will be to automatically remove inactive sites, add sites by following URL redirects (which often lead to new fake news schemes) and harvest related domains.

For example, notoriousconspiracy site YourNewsWire.com now redirects to NewsPunch.comto attempt to avoid detection by fact-checkers and the platforms. The SpyOnWeb research tool detects the relationship between misinformation sites, along with other domains connected by IP address or Google Analytics and AdSense ID (see Bellingcat’s site research guidefor more on these tools).

Blacklisting bots, fraud and false-news sites

Fake news is a business. Much of that business is ad-supported.

Advertisers don’t want to support publishers that might tar their brand with hate speech, falsehoods or some kinds of political messaging — but too often, they have little choice in the matter.

Most ad-tech dashboards make it hard for businesses to prevent their ads from appearing on (and funding) disreputable sites. Marketers can create blacklists, but many of those lists have been out-of-date or incomplete.

Aside from journalists, researchers and news consumers, we hope that the index will be useful for advertisers that want to stop funding misinformation.

Methodology

Our index compiles existing site lists, curated by academic and journalists. For now, we depend on their expertise for accuracy. (A protocol to reviewand add sites is in the works.)

The site tags above come from those assigned by the original list curators. We grouped their differing labels into our set of six tags.

Tag descriptions: FactCheck.orgFake News CodexOpenSourcesPolitiFactSnopes
Our tagTheir tag and description
bias:OpenSources:“Extreme Bias: Sources that come from a particular point of view and may rely on propaganda, decontextualized information, and opinions distorted as facts.”
conspiracy:OpenSources:“Conspiracy Theory: Sources that are well-known promoters of kooky conspiracy theories.”
clickbait:OpenSources:“Clickbait: Sources that provide generally credible content, but use exaggerated, misleading, or questionable headlines, social media descriptions, and/or images.”
fake:Fake News Codex:“Sites that are fake,… A site doesn’t need to exclusively publish fake content to qualify. In fact, many publish a great deal of authentic material, though it’s typically presented in a biased and tawdry fashion. This ‘real’ content serves as cover for the fake.”OpenSources: “Fake News: Sources that entirely fabricate information, disseminate deceptive content, or grossly distort actual news reports.”Politifact: “Fake news sites: There’s little consistency of content or style among fake news sites — the common thread appears to be that they distribute fabricated content, but the reasons aren’t always apparent.”Politifact: “News imposter sites: Adding to the fog of fake news online, several websites appear to try to confuse readers into thinking they are the online outlets of traditional or mainstream media sources.”Snopes: “Fake News Sites and hoax purveyors… spreading fake news and outlandish rumors” and “false, disruptive claims” that “regularly fabricate salacious and attention-grabbing tales.”
satire:Fake News Codex:“Sites that are not necessarily intended to mislead (such as The Onion and its legion of imitators), but that can be misunderstood by naive readers.” OpenSources: “Satire: Sources that use humor, irony, exaggeration, ridicule, and false information to comment on current events.”Politifact: “Parody or joke sites: Many of the deliberately false or fake news stories we see in social media feeds begin on websites that attempt to parody real news — imagine the humor website The Onion, but without the name recognition (or often the comedic writing talent).”
unreliable:FactCheck.org:“Websites that have posted deceptive content.” Fake News Codex: Sites that are “extremely misleading… We do not include sites that merely have a clear political or ideological bias.”OpenSources: “Hate News: Sources that actively promote racism, misogyny, homophobia, and other forms of discrimination.”OpenSources: “Junk Science: Sources that promote pseudoscience, metaphysics, naturalistic fallacies, and other scientifically dubious claims.”OpenSources: “Rumor Mill: Sources that traffic in rumors, gossip, innuendo, and unverified claims.”OpenSources: “State News: Sources in repressive states operating under government sanction.”OpenSources: “Unreliable/Proceed With Caution: Sources that may be reliable but whose contents require further verification.”Politifact: “Sites that contain some fake news: Finally, some websites appear to get duped like the rest of us.”

The lists we combined to create the index had 1,043 unique domain names.

Of these, as of November 2018, 515 were still active and another 528 were inactive (51 percent) — either no longer online or no longer posting stories. We detected inactive sites programmatically by retrieving HTTP status codes (404s or 301s), using auto-generated screenshots and, in some cases, by visual inspection.

We curated the resulting list, trimming it a bit, by removing several sites whose stories, though highly politicized, were mostly not fake: alternet.org, cato.org, heritage.org, nationalreview.com, thedailybeast.com, theintercept.com, thinkprogress.org, and weeklystandard.com. We determined this by checking the veracity of their stories at PolitiFact and Snopes.

Several sites we reviewed had mostly false verdicts from fact-checking sites. These stayed on the list: addictinginfo.orgbreitbart.comdailycaller.comdailykos.com, and judicialwatch.org

Our Google spreadsheethas additional data: the year of domain registration and the number of scripts each site uses for advertising and tracking (thanks to BuiltWith).

Corrections?

If you have additions or corrections, please use the form below to notify us. Remember: Our list includes only sites whose stories are demonstrably false — not merely biased or partisan. Send links to fact checks demonstrating whether the site you’d like us to review publishes fake or fact-based news.

https://www.poynter.org/ifcn/unreliable-news-index/

You may also like...

Translate »