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Gc protein (vitamin D-binding protein): Gc genotyping and GcMAF precursor activity.

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  • 1Department of Biological Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Tokushima, Minamijosanjimacho-2, Tokushima 770-8506 Japan.


The Gc protein (human group-specific component (Gc), a vitamin D-binding protein or Gc globulin), has important physiological functions that include involvement in vitamin D transport and storage, scavenging of extracellular G-actin, enhancement of the chemotactic activity of C5a for neutrophils in inflammation and macrophage activation (mediated by a GalNAc-modified Gc protein (GcMAF)). In this review, the structure and function of the Gc protein is focused on especially with regard to Gc genotyping and GcMAF precursor activity. A discussion of the research strategy “GcMAF as a target for drug discovery” is included, based on our own research.

[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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